FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Are you performing tests for Coronavirus Covid- 19?
Yes, at Labraki Private Diagnostic Laboratories G.P. tests are performed for the detection of the coronavirus, using both PCR method (molecular testing of the coronavirus) and Rapid test. In addition, IgA, IgG and IgM antibody detection tests for the coronavirus are carried out.
At what time is the blood draw performed?
For most biochemical tests (blood sugar, cholesterol, triglycerides, iron, etc.), blood sampling is always done in the morning because the patient is fasting for at least 12 hours. It is also recommended that the patient abstain from alcohol for two to three days. The patient can drink water normally, as this does not affect any examination. The night before, a light meal is recommended.
Can the patient take his medication before the blood draw?
In the case of medicine intake, we recommend the patient to contact his doctor. This happens because some medicines interfere with the metabolism of certain substances or with the analysis reaction. Some of them are mentioned below:
- Anxiolytics – hypnotics (Librium, Valium, Hipnosedon)
- Salicylates (Aspirin – Salospir)
- Contraceptives (cause an increase in iron, total cholesterol and a decrease in HDL cholesterol)
- Antihypertensives – diuretics (Hygroton, Lasix)
- Anti-epileptic drug Epanutin
- Thyroid medicines (T4 – Euthyrox – Unimazole)
- Iron (3 days interruption)
- Cortisone (affects blood sugar, cholesterol, triglycerides etc.).
Can smoking affect the result of my tests?
We advise the patient not to smoke before the blood draw The reason is that smoking a single cigarette directly stimulates the adrenal medulla and cortex. In addition, when we smoke, glucose increases within ten minutes and growth hormone doubles within thirty minutes.
What tests are included in a general checkup?
A general checkup includes:
- General blood
- Blood sugar
- Uric acid
- General urine
- In addition, for the children: ALP, Iron, Ferritin
- For women: Iron, Ferritin
- For men over 40: PSA
What tests are included in the general blood test?
The general blood test includes the count of:
- Erythrocyte markers
- Red blood cells
- White blood cells
- Each type of white blood cells
- Platelets and some platelet parameters.
Can I receive test results without visiting the labs?
Test results can be sent by fax or email, upon authorization.
What is the procedure for urine tests?
A general urinalysis is performed with the first morning urine. The patient is advised to wash the area with plain soap before collecting the urine, and then collect 10 – 15 ml from the midstream urine sample in a urine cup. The patient’s urine must be received by the laboratory in less than one hour. If this is not possible, the sample should be refrigerated at 4 degrees Celsius after reaching room temperature.
Twenty-four hour urine collection
In this case, the urine is collected in a special container that the patient is asked to obtain from a pharmacy. The collection begins early in the morning. On the day of collection, the patient should not collect first morning urine. During all the subsequent urinations of the day, the entire amount of urine is collected in the special container and stored in the refrigerator at 4° C. The collection ends the next day at the same time in the morning, when the first morning urine of the day is collected.
What is the procedure for a stool culture?
Feces are collected in a special sterile fecal collector.
Parasitological examination of feces requires watery stool. After taking a laxative lemonade, portions of two or three consecutive bowel movements, numbered 1, 2 and 3 respectively, are collected.
In the case of a fecal hemoglobin test, a three-day diet is preceded during which the patient must avoid eating red meat, spinach, lentils, eggs and medicines containing iron. Part of the stool is then collected in a sterile stool container.
What should I do in case of a sperm diagram or sperm culture?
In the case of a sperm diagram or sperm culture, the patient should:
- Abstain from any sexual intercourse or masturbation for at least 3 days and no more than 5 days
- Avoid consuming excessive amounts of alcohol
- Be thorough in cleaning the genitals with soap and water
- Wipe with sterile gauze.
- Collect his semen in a sterile cup (urine cup), after masturbation and not interrupted intercourse
- Collect the entire amount of semen.
During the winter months, he should wrap the outside of the cup with cotton and transport it to the laboratory taking care not to expose it to low temperatures. Attention: The transport to our laboratory should be done within a maximum of half an hour after the sample is collected.
Can menstruation affect a woman's tests?
During mentruation period, some tests may be affected but the possible changes in values are usually small and insignificant.
For example, an increase in white blood cells, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, cholesterol, magnesium, and CA-125 may be noticed. A decrease in iron, ferritin, platelets and hematocrit is also sometimes observed. Furthermore, during the days of menstruation, the general urine checkup is affected.
Is there anything we should be aware of before the cancer marker test?
No special preparation is required before the cancer marker test.
What is the paternity test process?
Paternity testing is carried out by taking blood from the child, the mother and the father to be checked.